Stereotaxic instruments are used in stereotaxic surgeries or stereotactic surgery. These instruments are attached to the head, to localize precisely an area in the brain by means of co-ordinates related to intracerebral structures. Stereotactic surgery is a three dimensional surgical technique that enables deep lesions within tissues and it uses heat, cold or chemicals, to perform some procedures such as lesion, biopsy, ablation, implantation, and radio surgery on the tissue.

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